The choice of topic and title is an important stage of writing a dissertation
The choice of topic for the thesis is of great importance. Practice shows that choosing the right topic is half ensuring its successful implementation. When choosing a topic, it is very important to take into account the general experience in the chosen field of knowledge, the previous “reserve” in scientific research, passing the examinations of the candidate minimum, the availability of one’s creative ideas, the experience of speaking in scientific circles or at scientific conferences, knowledge of foreign languages, etc.
Below are recommendations to those who independently decided to determine the scientific problem and choose the topic of dissertation research. The research topic should be thesis, ie. to have relevance in scientific and applied values, scientific novelty and practical significance. Therefore, the graduate student should, at the stage of preparation of the introductory essay, thoroughly, at a high level, work out the questions related to the selected object of study (subject area).
For the object of research, the universal decimal classification index (UDC) is selected. The subject of research can be defined as a new scientific knowledge and as an instrument for obtaining this knowledge in the object of research. Studies carried out on the examples of individual industries, associations and enterprises should contain sound conclusions and provisions that have significant scientific and practical significance for the national economy as a whole.
Techniques that help you choose a topic
When choosing the topic of the Ph.D. thesis, it is expedient to take the task of a relatively narrow plan so that it can be thoroughly studied. It is desirable to connect the topic of the dissertation with new promising directions of scientific research. Let’s point out some techniques that can help the candidate of a scientific degree choose the topic of the dissertation:
– familiarization with the latest research results in related, borderline areas of various fundamental sciences. At the junction of science, new important discoveries are often brought to light. Sometimes these border areas of knowledge are called “white spots” among the phenomena studied;
– Development of new research methods, principles of machine design, technological methods applied to a particular area of the national economy or the field of knowledge. Methodical research can serve as a basis for dissertational works, if conducted at a sufficiently high theoretical level, are economically and technically well-founded and have applied value;
Types of thesis character
If the work is related to the generalization of the accumulated scientific material in the form of a description of new phenomena, processes or empirical data, then the thesis in this case has a convergent (collective) character.
If the thesis shows the possibility of successful use of methods, methods, instruments of research of one branch of science in another, which allowed to obtain new interesting results, then it has a divergent (spreading) character.
The thesis can be devoted to a more detailed study of a known phenomenon or process using the whole arsenal of scientific research methods and obtaining interesting scientific results. Depending on the nature and degree of complexity of the scientific task being solved, theoretical or empirical research methods can prevail in the work. This type of Ph.D. thesis is quite natural phenomenon, since such works allow you to look at known facts in a new aspect, which will be easier for young researchers to significantly increase the level of knowledge as a specialist and, finally, to test their worth as a scientist
The importance of determining the correct thesis title
The desire to define the task in the title of the dissertation more broadly than it is essentially work is not justified and gives rise to the expert council of the Higher Attestation Commission to make a conclusion that there is no proper solution to the task defined in the title with undesirable consequences for the candidate. In addition, in subjects formulated broadly, the competitor is difficult to determine. On the contrary, in topics formulated narrowly, it is difficult to obtain results and conclusions that have significant characteristics.
Finding the name of the work is very important and, as a rule, causes a lot of comments from all possible opponents. The names, which contain the words “problems”, “research”, “study”, etc., because of their uncertainty of the final result, the vagueness is ill-suited. It is not known to what extent problems have been resolved or the study has ended, research. It is recommended to choose the name of “dissertations” in the aspect of the classification feature of the dissertation work, which determines the nature of the results of the dissertation.
In the title of the topic is usually present: – “angle of research”, its focus (improving efficiency, improving the structure, optimizing, reducing costs, etc.); – object of research (device, method, phenomenon, process, area of knowledge, classified UDC); – The subject of the study (mode of action, tool, model, method of research, methodology, the concept of study or construction).